[Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949–1962] Read ê Gail Kligman

Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

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O sintez a procesului colectiviz rii din Rom nia cu un puternic accent pe metode i practici de implementare Nu exist din p cate informa ii despre rezultatele colectiviz rii pentru satele studiate A mildly idiotic Text From Two Authors Who from two authors who understand the subject Because communist power arrived in Romania from without not through an internally generated revolutionary process the Party faced a population minimally predisposed to. In 1949 Romania's fledgling communist regime unleashed a radical and brutal campaign to collectivize agriculture in this largely agrarian country following the Soviet model Peasants under Siege provides the first comprehensive look at the far reaching social engineering process that ensued Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery examine how collectivization assaulted the very foundations of rural life transforming village very foundations of rural life transforming village that were organized around kinship and status hierarch. .
Its ideasThis can be said of any place from the Soviet Republics "to to Cuba A small revolutionary group took over More Marxism "Hungary to A small revolutionary group took over More Marxism later Leninism is preoccupied with the proletarians factory workers Neither Marx nor Lenin have any idea of how to deal with the peasants workers Neither Marx nor Lenin have any idea of how to deal with the peasants Lenin discovers uite uickly that they are counter revolutionary in their the peasants ambition to cling to land ownership Seeking to reduce the evident confus. Ies into segments of large bureaucratic organizations forged by the language of class warfare et saturated with vindictive personal struggles Collectivization not only overturned property relations the authors argue but was crucial in creating the Party state that emerged its mechanisms of rule and the new persons that were its subjects The book explores how ill prepared cadres themselves unconvinced of collectivization's promises implemented technologies and pedagogies imported fr. ,
Ion in defining what a chiabur was the Party LEADERSHIP SENT DOWN TO OFFICIALS IN THE REGIONS A sent down to officials in the regions a entitled Basic Indicators for Identifying Chiabur Households instructing them on precisely how to do soNo It s about setting up a bureaucracy and having to deal with uite uneducated individuals So there must be some rules and the rules should be as simple to understand as possible or the activists in the countryside won t apply them. Om the Soviet Union through actions that contributed to The Excessive Use Of excessive use of which Party leaders were often unable to control In addition the authors show how local responses to the Party's initiatives compelled the regime to modify its plans and negotiate outcomes Drawing on archival documents oral histories and ethnographic data Peasants under Siege sheds new light on collectivization in the Soviet data Peasants under Siege sheds new light on collectivization in the Soviet and on the complex tensions underlying and constraining political authori.