PDF/EPUB [The Origins and Evolution of the Arab Zionist Conflict]

The Origins and Evolution of the Arab Zionist Conflict


Lectures of InterestWell written summary with some interesting perspectives The book is based on a SERIES OF 4 LECTURES PROF COHEN GAVE IN 1980 of 4 lectures Prof Cohen gave in 1980 American universities AND IS GEARED TOWARDS A GENERAL is geared towards a general The time frame is from the close of the Ottoman Empire oughly beginning around 1840 until Israel s Declaration of Independence in May of 48Cohen first focuses on early Arab Nationalist and his take on the McMahonHussein correspondences is that neither party was empowered to make the offers that they did nor did they was there much of an understanding as to what they entailed Rather than taking it seriously he makes what they entailed Rather than taking it seriously he makes well supported argument that these promises were nothing than each side feeling each other outHe then examines early Zionism before Herzl leading up to the Balfour declaration in 1917 Political Zionisms is traced to a group known as Hovevei Tsion as a eaction to Russian pogroms in the 1880s and strongly influenced by Leo Pinsker and his book Auto Emancipation It wasn t until 15 years later that Herzl conceived of The Jewish State How the Zionists Created the Jewish Ethnostate and lobbied both Western and Turkish leadership for the ight of Jews to eturn There s an interesting side note that Herzl would have preferred greater success as a playwright than as a journalist and political figures as such it is the times that make the manThe book continues with the Sykes Picot agreement and on to Balfour Cohen s interpretation is that Britain s military goal was the creation of a sympathetic buffer state to protect the Suez canal from the east the desert having proved not to be a sufficient barrier to attack in WW I Resistance to Weizman s original euest came from the unlikely source of Jewish Here is a brief intelligent even handed analytical account of the origins of the Arab Zioni. Embers of the British Cabinet who felt that an independent Jewish State would lead to charges of dual loyalty and undermine hard won work at gaining Jews eual status in English societyLectureChapter 3 covers the period of British Mandatory ule up to 1945 opposition to Jewish migration voices by factions
led by the 
by the Mufti a title created by the British Hajj Amin Husayni counterbalanced by Jewish and British investment Whereas the Jews organized themselves to the necessary infrastructure to create a state Cohen opines that local Arab culture viewed politics as a means towards personal advancement and influence than national interest Paradoxically Jewish interest in buying land Arab wealth that was largely based in not in capital and some of the largest sellers of land were also the loudest critics Economic development also undermined traditional Arab clan notables among the Hussaynis and Nashashibis who lived in Jerusalem with new elites based in Jaffa and especially Haifa which was developing into a major port The Change In England To Labour Government Where Churchill Was Relegated in England to Labour government where Churchill was elegated the opposition The Witch who was a princess resulted in a lack of empathy for the 1929 Arab attacks on Jews and for Zionism Cohen is also the author of Churchill and the Jews There s a good discussion of how the assassination of Lord Moyne by the splinter Lehi group lead to itsejection by the mainstream Hagana One of the easons given is that Moyne a personal friend of Churchill was blamed by Lehi members for the sinking of the efugee ship Struma in the Bosporus in 1942 as well has his ejection of saving Hungarian JewsThe final chapter covers the period from 1945 48 There was considerable political pressure to find a esolution to the St conflict and its development from early in the twentieth century until 1948 focusing par. ,
Roblem of Jewish efugees still interred in DP camps throughout Europe most of whom were Eleanor, Quiet No More reluctant toeturn to their destroyed communities and instead wanted to be admitted to Palestine The Morrison Grady plan would have allowed 100000 of these in provided that Jewish autonomy would be shelved and that the Hagana would give up it
s weapons which 
weapons which Zionists felt was both insufficient and suicidal For it s part Britain was looking for a way to get out of this mess as the cost of maintaining a garrison in the Middle East was costing far than they a garrison in the Middle East was costing far than they afford The members of the Arab League formed in 1945 was ineffectually jockeying for position none of whom trusted each other Cohen blames Jordan s King Abdallah with his well trained armed forces for driving the other league members into the 1948 war each of the ival interests were as much interested in their share of the spoils as driving out the JewsThe downside of the book is that there are no footnotes to source the material though there is a list of suggested supplementary eading for each chapter Also included are illustrative excerpts from 13 historic documents most of which can be found and in the comprehensive Arab Israeli Reader with the exception of two interesting documents The 1914 Cairo Arab Nationalist Manifesto and the 1945 Pact of the Arab League The former is an anti union Islamic manifesto which pleads for Christians and Jews to unite with Arab nationalists against the irreligious Turks The latter argues for a new Mandate be established in Palestine under the a league of Arab states until such time as that country is What It Takes: Fighting for My Life and My Love of the Game ready for independenceI haveead detailed accounts but I found it to be an informative and Luftwaffe Fighters 1945 (Topcolors) readable summary of eventsRecommende. Ticularly on the period when Britainuled Palestine under mandate from the League of Natio.